Master and Slave – Hegel! Philosophy (from Jacob to Socrates) Part 1

The human tendency to define ourselves in opposition to what we hate can lead to inner conflict and stagnation. Overcoming hatred requires cultivating empathy, finding common ground and choosing freedom over identities based on aversion.

Paragraph: We all have something – something, an idea, or someone – that we hate. We define ourselves as the opposite of it. What will happen if you are told that you have to live with something that you hate? You can imagine that there will be a great conflict. There will be a kind of war between God and Satan. There will be hatred between a master and a slave. Who will stand up to whom? Who will change their mind?

Hatred is a natural human emotion, yet clinging to hatred causes suffering. When we define ourselves in opposition to what we hate, we become its prisoner. We elevate the hated “other” as a threat to our identity instead of seeing it as merely different. This sets the stage for inner conflict and external aggression.

We all have something – something, an idea, or someone – that we hate. Sibs and we describe ourselves as the opposite of him. What will happen if you are told that you have to live with something that you hate? You can imagine that there will be a great conflict. There will be a kind of war between God and Satan. There will be hatred between a master and a slave. Who will stand up to whom? Who will change their mind?

For the German philosopher Friedrich Hegel, this conflict defines all things and events. This extreme contradiction is the origin of master and slave in history, society and philosophy since the beginning of the world. Although it is difficult to understand the root of hatred, Hegel tried to find a solution.

However, understanding Hegel’s philosophy was not easy; And he knows this. On his deathbed he said this – “Only one person understood me; He himself did not understand me.”

His philosophy is difficult but it raises very important ideas. One of the central ideas is; It involves how our identity and self-awareness are constructed. There are words that we use to describe an object….red, huge, five-legged etc… And if I ask you who are you; How about yourself

If forced to live with what we hate, two extremes are possible – violent attempts to destroy the other or sullen resignation to division. In either case, both sides lose their freedom. When identity becomes based on aversion, we lose the ability to see the hated thing on its own terms. We see only a threat to fight or flee from.

Overcoming hatred requires cultivating empathy – the ability to see from another’s perspective. With empathy comes understanding of the common humanity beneath surface differences. We realize that who we truly are does not depend on what we oppose, but on our own choices and virtues.

Finding common ground where possible also helps defuse hatred. While core differences may remain, cooperation around shared interests can breed trust and goodwill. This reveals that the “other” is not wholly alien, but contains elements we can relate to.

Ultimately, freedom lies in choosing not to define ourselves by our aversions. When identity is based on inner spiritual wealth rather than outer boundaries, hatred loses its hold. We realize that what we oppose says more about us than it. We gain the freedom to engage with openness instead of reaction.

In the end, neither “God” nor “Satan” truly wins such a struggle. Only through understanding, empathy and cooperation can “master” and “slave” transcend their roles. Transformation happens when we realize our shared humanity and choose the enlightened middle path between extremes. Hatred then fades as identities based on aversion are replaced by those founded on wisdom, compassion and freedom. The old conflict dissolves as we realize we need not live in opposition at all.

In conclusion, while hatred comes naturally, wisdom lies in overcoming it through empathy, understanding and a shift in identity. Defining ourselves in opposition to what we hate leads only to inner strife and estrangement. But with cultivation of empathy and renunciation of identities based on aversion, freedom from hatred’s grip becomes possible. This points the way towards transcending conflict and cultivating peace within and between all beings.

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